Communication and Leadership Skills

Grammarian

GRAMMARIAN

TIME:
2  minutes


PURPOSE OF THE ROLE

To promote effective use of language on the part of members by reporting on their language as used during the meeting
To introduce a ‘Word of the Evening’ and encourage members to use this word during the meeting
To develop your listening skills


BEFORE THE MEETING

Select a ‘Word of the Evening’, a word which will help members expand their vocabulary and which can be used in daily conversation.
Write or do a computer printout of the word on 4 large sheets of paper. Make sure the word will be clearly visible to members. You can include the meaning of the word on the paper also.
Make sure you can pronounce and spell the word correctly and can explain its meaning clearly and give an example of its use in a sentence.


DURING THE MEETING

Briefly explain the role of the Grammarian
Introduce the Word of the Evening. Display the word in 4 prominent positions. Explain its meaning and give an example of its use in a sentence.
Hand back to the Chairman.
During the meeting note which members used the Word of the Evening and how many times each used it.
During the meeting listen for and note examples of members’ use of language both effective and ineffective [see next page]
During the meeting listen for members’ misuse of the English language [incorrect pronunciation, incomplete sentences, incorrect grammar, malapropisms, overuse of jargon]
Note the use of ums and ahs by individual members.
Prepare a 2 minute report based on what you have noted about use of language including Word of the Evening.
Deliver your report towards the end of the meeting.

 

EFFECTIVE USE OF LANGUAGE

Simile –  comparison of one things with another e.g. as blue as the sky
Metaphor – word used to describe something as another object in order to show both have same qualities  e,g. he was a powerhouse of knowledge
Alliteration – same sound occurs at beginning of 2 or more words in succession eg  sing a song of sixpence
Repetition – same word is repeated in successive phrases or sentences
Triads –   ideas are grouped in  3s  e.g. he came, he saw, he conquered
Choice of descriptive words -e.g. he trudged home after a hard day’s work instead of he walked
Word pictures –  paint a picture with words e.g. As she tried to move her broken leg away from the flames, the pain contorted her face into a fixed grimace.

INEFFECTIVE USE OF LANGUAGE

Incorrect pronunciation
Incomplete sentences
Incorrect grammar e.g. the window was broke ; youse can’t go
Malapropisms –  confusing a word with one that sounds similar eg weapons of mass production (George Bush)
Inappropriate use of jargon – we must keep T & E sheets, to implement TQM. If you don't, you'll have trouble with H.R.
Use of ums and ahs – by individual members

You can also refer to the introductory notes to Project 4 in your CC Manual for more examples of use of language.